ADHD

ADHD and ADHD(Inattentive) – previously known as ADD

PRIMARY CHARACTERSITICS

Overactivity

Difficulty remaining still or staying seated

Often wriggle arms and legs and fidget in wormy-squirmy fashion

Often fiddle with objects

Constantly on the go as if driven by a motor

At home, run and climb all over the place

Frequently move excessively, even during sleep

May have difficulty being quiet

(Clothes and shoes tend to wear out much faster than normal)

Inattention

May have poor concentration/attention or difficulty keeping his/her mind on work

Don’t seem to listen

May have difficulty starting and/or finishing tasks

Make careless mistakes

May give up easily or be easily bored

Distractibility

Tends to switch back and forth between tasks

Frequently learn irrelevant material and not what they were expected to learn

Impulsivity

Often act quickly without thinking e.g. run into street without checking for cars

Seems to have defective hindsight (don’t learn from experience)

Tend to be physically accident-prone

Difficulty following rules or waiting their turn

May interrupt others or talk too much

Excitability

May be easily excited

Typically have low frustration tolerance (‘short fuses’)

Wants to have playmates but are often upset or ‘set off’ by them

Extremely emotional

Disorganization

Difficulty organizing tasks and activities

Poor time management

May have poor planning and/or prioritizing skills

May complete projects at the last minute

Often mislay or lose supplies, books, homework, day planners, clothes and ever treasures possessions.

SECONDARY CHARACTERISTICS

Peer Relationship Problems

Difficulty with friendships, poor social skills and limited social connections

May appear to be unaccepted by the group

Often not sensitive to needs of others

Often miss cues, misread social situations

Tend to take a bossy ‘play-it-my-way-or-not-at-all’ approach

Difficulty keeping friends

Learning Problems

Academic struggles (reading, spelling and/or maths).

May have difficulty learning and/or remembering concepts

May need extra explanations or help

Familial Problems

May feel that parents do not love or notice him/her

May feel unjustly criticized and/or punished at home

Tend to catalyze family conflict

Parents may disagree about how to handle certain situations and end up arguing or taking different directions

Low Self-Concept

Often lacks in confidence in learning abilities

Often lacks confidence in social relationships